Cattle

Belted Galloway Cattle

Belted Galloway

Native to South West Scotland and North West England, the Belted Galloway is a hill breed capable of producing beef in highland and mountain areas, on land of poor fertility.

They are hardy animals, so they can be kept out in the fields through winter. They have been slowly increasing in numbers, and we are pleased to say that the Belted Galloway is no longer classified as a rare breed.

Gloucester Cattle

Gloucester

The Old Gloucester was a triple purpose breed used for milk, draught work and meat. They have been famous since the thirteenth century for the production of traditional Double Gloucester Cheese.

Sadly they could not compete with the specialist breeds and were gradually replaced by Longhorns, Shorthorns and finally the black and white Holstein Friesians. By 1975 only one herd remained. However, numbers are gradually increasing with the support of an active breed society.

RBST Watchlist Status: At Risk (450 to 750)

Hereford Cattle

Hereford

One of the most important cattle breeds in British livestock history, Traditional Herefords contain no imported blood and can be traced back to the very first Herd Book records published in 1846.

In the period after the Second World War the native Hereford cattle had an unprecedented demand that saw some of it’s most successful breeders rewarded with prices for bulls not seen before or since. However, methods of production changed and consequently the RBST found it necessary to recognise the original population of Hereford cattle.

RBST Watchlist Status: Minority (750 to 1500)

Highland Cattle

Highland

All our domestic cattle are descended from the giant wild Aurochs as shown in Neolithic cave paintings. Highland Cattle can probably claim the closest lineage to them. They are mainly found in the Scottish Highlands and Islands.

Their thick hairy coats help them to survive in extremely wet and cold conditions. The snow and rain runs off their long hairy overcoat.

Irish Moiled Cattle

Irish Moiled

The Irish Moiled is one of our rarest cattle breeds. It was popular throughout Ireland in the 1800’s, before the introduction of the Shorthorn and later the British Friesian. The decline was so dramatic that by the 1970’s the breed had been reduced to less than 30 females maintained by two breeders in Northern Ireland, making them highly vulnerable to disease epidemics.

The Irish Moiled Cattle Society was revived in 1982 with the encouragement of the Rare Breeds Survival Trust.

RBST Watchlist Status: At Risk (450 to 750)

White Park Cattle

White Park

Of ancient Celtic origin and later Roman influence the ‘wild white’ cattle of Britain were enclosed into five Norman deer parks in the 11th century, by William the Conqueror’s barons. The Chillingham herd of Northumberland and Vaynol herd of North Wales have been isolated for so long they are considered to be separate breeds. The Charley, Cadzow and Dynevor herds have been combined to form the White Park breed.

The Cotswold Farm Park’s ‘Bemborough’ herd was established in 1970 and is descended from the Earl Ferrers’ Chartley stock.

RBST Watchlist Status: Minority (750 to 1500)